The aim of this study is to outline the mechanisms leading cochlear cells to die. We utilized an immortalized cell line (OC-k3 cells) derived from the organ of Corti of transgenic mice in order to perform in-depth biochemical studies with no limitations on sample size and number. We probed these cells with cisplatin and gentamicin, two drugs which display in vivo undesired ototoxic side-effects. We investigated cell viability, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and glutathione (GSH) levels and tested the effects of different concentrations of cisplatin and gentamicin from 0 to 48 h. Results show that cells undergo a dose-and treatment-time-dependent apoptosis characterized by nuclear fragmentation, integrity of the cell membrane and mitochondria, and absence of DNA endonuclease activity. During the early part of treatment, ROS production increases and intracellular GSH decreases, probably due to the activation of protein kinase Ca. Use of antioxidants such as acetylcysteine, GSH and vitamin C rescues cells from apoptosis almost completely. Overall, these data indicate that ROS generation might play a central role in inducing inner ear cell apoptosis and may have an additive role in the ageing process. © 2001, Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted.

Apoptosis in the OC-k3 immortalized cell line treated with different agents

BERTOLASO, Lucia;MARTINI, Alessandro;CAPITANI, Silvano;PREVIATI, Maurizio
2001

Abstract

The aim of this study is to outline the mechanisms leading cochlear cells to die. We utilized an immortalized cell line (OC-k3 cells) derived from the organ of Corti of transgenic mice in order to perform in-depth biochemical studies with no limitations on sample size and number. We probed these cells with cisplatin and gentamicin, two drugs which display in vivo undesired ototoxic side-effects. We investigated cell viability, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and glutathione (GSH) levels and tested the effects of different concentrations of cisplatin and gentamicin from 0 to 48 h. Results show that cells undergo a dose-and treatment-time-dependent apoptosis characterized by nuclear fragmentation, integrity of the cell membrane and mitochondria, and absence of DNA endonuclease activity. During the early part of treatment, ROS production increases and intracellular GSH decreases, probably due to the activation of protein kinase Ca. Use of antioxidants such as acetylcysteine, GSH and vitamin C rescues cells from apoptosis almost completely. Overall, these data indicate that ROS generation might play a central role in inducing inner ear cell apoptosis and may have an additive role in the ageing process. © 2001, Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted.
Bertolaso, Lucia; Martini, Alessandro; Bindini, D.; Lanzoni, I.; Parmeggiani, A.; Vitali, C.; Kalinec, G.; Kalinec, F.; Capitani, Silvano; Previati, Maurizio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1199542
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