The SK-N-MC neuroblastoma cell line, which expresses surface tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) receptors TRAIL-R2 and TRAIL-R4, was used as a model system to examine the effect of TRAIL on key intracellular pathways involved in the control of neuronal cell survival and apoptosis. TRAIL induced distinct short-term (1-60 min) and long-term (3-24 h) effects on the protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt (Akt), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB), nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) and caspase pathways. TRAIL rapidly (from 20 min) induced the phosphorylation of Akt and ERK, but not of c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK). Moreover, TRAIL increased CREB phosphorylation and phospho-CREB DNA binding activity in a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3K)/Akt-dependent manner. At later time points (from 3 to 6 h onwards) TRAIL induced a progressive degradation of inhibitor of kappaB (IkappaB)beta and IkappaBepsilon, but not IkappaBalpha, coupled to the nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB and an increase in its DNA binding activity. In the same time frame, TRAIL started to activate caspase-8 and caspase-3, and to induce apoptosis. Remarkably, caspase-dependent cleavage of NF-kappaB family members as well as of Akt and CREB proteins, but not of ERK, became prominent at 24 h, a time point coincident with the peak of caspase-dependent apoptosis.
Scheda prodotto non validato
Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo
|Titolo:||Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand sequentially activates pro-survival and pro-apoptotic pathways in SK-N-MC neuronal cells|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|