The 3D structure of paramyxovirus hemagglutinin-neuraminidase has not yet been resolved; however, a theoretical model has been built by using influenza virus and bacterial neuraminidases as template [V. C. Epa (1997) Proteins Struct. Funct. Gen. 29, 264-281]. Two common features of the catalytic mechanism of the neuraminidases of known 3D structure are the anomeric specificity and the involvement of a tyrosine residue in the stabilization of the transition state. These key features have been investigated on the water-soluble ectodomain of the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase from Sendai virus (cHN). The anomeric specificity of the hydrolysis of the substrate by cHN has been investigated by NMR spectroscopy. The immediate product of the reaction was the alpha-anomer, meaning that cHN belongs between glycohydrolases retaining anomeric configuration like influenza virus neuraminidase. Measurements of the UV difference spectrum upon binding of the substrate analogue 2,3-dehydro 2-deossi N-acetyl neuraminic acid indicate the ionization of a tyrosine residue and decreased polarity in the environment of a tryptophan residue. Functional significance of the spectral data was derived from the known structure of influenza neuraminidase, where a tyrosinate ion is involved in the stabilization of the transition-state carbonium ion, and a tryptophan residue is involved in the binding of the acetyl moiety of the substrate. The data give experimental support to the 3D model of paramyxovirus neuraminidase.

Anomeric specificity and protein-substrate interactions support the 3D model for the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase from Sendai virus

BELLINI, Tiziana;MANFRINATO, Maria Cristina;DALLOCCHIO, Franco Pasquale Filippo
1999

Abstract

The 3D structure of paramyxovirus hemagglutinin-neuraminidase has not yet been resolved; however, a theoretical model has been built by using influenza virus and bacterial neuraminidases as template [V. C. Epa (1997) Proteins Struct. Funct. Gen. 29, 264-281]. Two common features of the catalytic mechanism of the neuraminidases of known 3D structure are the anomeric specificity and the involvement of a tyrosine residue in the stabilization of the transition state. These key features have been investigated on the water-soluble ectodomain of the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase from Sendai virus (cHN). The anomeric specificity of the hydrolysis of the substrate by cHN has been investigated by NMR spectroscopy. The immediate product of the reaction was the alpha-anomer, meaning that cHN belongs between glycohydrolases retaining anomeric configuration like influenza virus neuraminidase. Measurements of the UV difference spectrum upon binding of the substrate analogue 2,3-dehydro 2-deossi N-acetyl neuraminic acid indicate the ionization of a tyrosine residue and decreased polarity in the environment of a tryptophan residue. Functional significance of the spectral data was derived from the known structure of influenza neuraminidase, where a tyrosinate ion is involved in the stabilization of the transition-state carbonium ion, and a tryptophan residue is involved in the binding of the acetyl moiety of the substrate. The data give experimental support to the 3D model of paramyxovirus neuraminidase.
Bellini, Tiziana; Pasti, C.; Manfrinato, Maria Cristina; Tomasi, M; Dallocchio, Franco Pasquale Filippo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1196824
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