In this paper a model-based procedure exploiting analytical redundancy for the detection and isolation of faults in input-output control sensors of a dynamic system is presented. The diagnosis system is based on state estimators, namely dynamic observers or Kalman filters designed in deterministic and stochastic environment, respectively, and uses residual analysis and statistical tests for fault detection and isolation. The state estimators are obtained from input-output data process and standard identification techniques based on ARX or errors-in-variables models, depending on signal to noise ratio. In the latter case the Kalman filter parameters, i.e., the model parameters and input-output noise variances, are obtained by processing the noisy data according to the Frisch scheme rules. The proposed fault detection and isolation tool has been tested on a single-shaft industrial gas turbine model. Results from simulation show that minimum detectable faults are perfectly compatible with the industrial target of this application.

Diagnosis techniques for sensor faults of industrial processes

SIMANI, Silvio
;
FANTUZZI, Cesare;BEGHELLI, Sergio
2000

Abstract

In this paper a model-based procedure exploiting analytical redundancy for the detection and isolation of faults in input-output control sensors of a dynamic system is presented. The diagnosis system is based on state estimators, namely dynamic observers or Kalman filters designed in deterministic and stochastic environment, respectively, and uses residual analysis and statistical tests for fault detection and isolation. The state estimators are obtained from input-output data process and standard identification techniques based on ARX or errors-in-variables models, depending on signal to noise ratio. In the latter case the Kalman filter parameters, i.e., the model parameters and input-output noise variances, are obtained by processing the noisy data according to the Frisch scheme rules. The proposed fault detection and isolation tool has been tested on a single-shaft industrial gas turbine model. Results from simulation show that minimum detectable faults are perfectly compatible with the industrial target of this application.
2000
Simani, Silvio; Fantuzzi, Cesare; Beghelli, Sergio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1196647
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