A methodology of groundwater contamination risk assessment by non-point source xenobiotics is presented for a test-site area in the Pistoia alluvial plain (Northern Tuscany, Italy) with land use almost exclusively devoted to nurseries for ornamental horticulture. The assessment is based on the comparison between the expected active ingredient concentration in groundwater and the maximum admissible concentration for drinkable use (either the resource actually exploited or potentially exploitable in the future). To determine the concentration of the pesticide in groundwater, a linkage is proposed between the cumulative mass flux arriving at the base of the unsaturated zone in a steady state condition over one year and the dilution capacity of the shallow groundwater, expressed by an Aquifer Transfer Function (ATF). The ATF is determined on the basis of hydraulic transmissivity and the pattern of groundwater flow and recharge. The cumulative mass flux was predicted on the basis of the leaching model CHEMFLO, according to 12 hydrogeologic scenarios of the unsaturated zone and 2 hydrologic scenarios of effective recharge (average and extreme events of precipitation). The risk assesment was validated against the results of a chemical monitoring survey conducted on 19 wells tapping the shallow aquifer. Model calibration was also based on the results of an experimental field-plot with tensiometers and suction lysimeters for the study of unsaturated zone flow and transport.

Herbicides transport experimentation and modelling in the unsatured zone for groundwater risk assessment

GARGINI, Alessandro
1999

Abstract

A methodology of groundwater contamination risk assessment by non-point source xenobiotics is presented for a test-site area in the Pistoia alluvial plain (Northern Tuscany, Italy) with land use almost exclusively devoted to nurseries for ornamental horticulture. The assessment is based on the comparison between the expected active ingredient concentration in groundwater and the maximum admissible concentration for drinkable use (either the resource actually exploited or potentially exploitable in the future). To determine the concentration of the pesticide in groundwater, a linkage is proposed between the cumulative mass flux arriving at the base of the unsaturated zone in a steady state condition over one year and the dilution capacity of the shallow groundwater, expressed by an Aquifer Transfer Function (ATF). The ATF is determined on the basis of hydraulic transmissivity and the pattern of groundwater flow and recharge. The cumulative mass flux was predicted on the basis of the leaching model CHEMFLO, according to 12 hydrogeologic scenarios of the unsaturated zone and 2 hydrologic scenarios of effective recharge (average and extreme events of precipitation). The risk assesment was validated against the results of a chemical monitoring survey conducted on 19 wells tapping the shallow aquifer. Model calibration was also based on the results of an experimental field-plot with tensiometers and suction lysimeters for the study of unsaturated zone flow and transport.
9788878302990
Risk; Groundwater; Herbicides; Modelling; Unsaturated zone
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1193974
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