Certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV), notably HPV type 16, are associated with flat or inverted proliferative lesions of the cervix uteri that can progress to malignancy. As a first step towards the serological study of the epidemiology of HPV, we have synthesized the entire amino acid sequences of the 2 major viral capsid proteins of HPV type 16, L1 and L2, as a set of 66 synthetic 20-residue peptides with an overlap of 5 amino acids. The peptides were tested for reactivity with IgA, IgG and IgM antibodies in the sera of 30 patients with HPV-16-carrying cervical neoplasms. Both IgG and IgM antibody responses were detected, but most of the reactivity found was of the IgA class. The most immunoreactive peptides were further analyzed for reactivity with sera from 22 patients with parotid gland tumors and with sera from 38 healthy individuals. The L2-encoded protein contained only one major linear epitope, which was not specific for HPV-16-carrying neoplasms. In contrast, the L1-encoded protein contained several epitopes that were regularly immunoreactive with antibodies present in the sera of patients with HPV-16-carrying cervical neoplasms, but only rarely so in the sera of patients with other tumors or of healthy individuals.
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|Titolo:||Mapping of linear epitopes of human papillomavirus type 16: the L1 and L2 open reading frames|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1990|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|