Aim of the study is a retrospective analysis on the use of temporary tracheotomy in our snoring surgery experience. From September 1996 to April 2002, 1103 snoring surgery procedures have been carried out on various sites of the upper airways in 530 patients (mean age 50 years, 81% males) prevalently related to severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndromes (33%). Of these patients, 472 (89%) were operated upon under general anaesthesia, whereas 58 (11%) received local anaesthesia. Of the 472 patients operated upon under general anaesthesia, 17 (3.6%) underwent temporary tracheotomy, which in 10 (2.1%) were programmed and only in 7 (1.5%) were non-programmed, having been performed in 2 cases in an emergency setting, in 3 cases in an urgency setting due to respiratory obstruction immediately after removal of intubation and in 2 cases in conditions of urgency, due to respiratory obstruction occurring during post-operative hospitalisation (both performed within 6 hours of regaining consciousness). The only complication observed was a brief laryngeal diplegia, a complication, moreover, not reported in the literature. No criteria exist concerning indications for temporary tracheotomy programmed according to the type of surgery on the hypopharynx; personal experience reveals that: a) temporary tracheotomy is frequently necessary after genioglossus advancement (3/10 operated upon for genioglossus advancement not associated with a programmed temporary tracheotomy); b) temporary tracheotomy is rarely necessary after hyoid suspension (1/98 patients being submitted to hyoid suspension not associated with programmed temporary tracheotomy). Temporary tracheotomy should, in our opinion, be taken into consideration in snoring surgery techniques, particularly in the presence of the not infrequent urgency or emergency situations occurring in patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndromes. With the use of temporary tracheotomy, no deaths occurred in the present study population.
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|Titolo:||Temporary tracheotomy in the surgical treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: personal experience.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|