Aims: Glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK-3β) is a serine/threonine kinase involved in glycogen metabolism, cell cycle progression, differentiation, embryogenesis, migration, metabolism, survival and cellular senescence. Its main biological function is to inhibit β-catenin by sequestration and promotion of its proteasomal degradation in the Wnt canonical pathway; however, GSK-3β interacts with multiple signalling pathways, and aberrant expression of the enzyme was reported in many solid neoplasms. This study aimed to investigate the biological relevance of GSK-3β in classical Hodgkin lymphomas (cHL). Methods and results: We analysed the functional status of GSK-3β enzyme in cHL by using antibodies raised against fixation-resistant epitopes of phospho Y216 GSK-3β (active form), phospho S9 GSK-3β (inactive form) and β-catenin protein. We first detected the pY216 GSK-3β active form of the enzyme in 100 of 100 (100%) of the cases, and in line with the latter expression profile, the β-catenin protein was found in only 12 of 100 (12%) of the samples. As reported previously in bladder cancer, pancreatic adenocarcinoma and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, we showed an aberrant nuclear localization in the neoplastic clone of active pY216 GSK-3β in 78 of 100 (78%) of cHL cases. Conclusions: We demonstrated the activation of GSK-3β in cHL resulting in inhibition of the Wnt/β-catenin signal cascade and the aberrant accumulation of its activated form in nuclei of Hodgkin Reed–Sternberg and Hodgkin cells. These findings may be relevant for future clinical studies, identifying GSK-3β as a potential therapeutic target for cHL.

The emerging role of GSK-3β in the pathobiology of classical Hodgkin lymphoma

CUNEO, Antonio;
2017

Abstract

Aims: Glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK-3β) is a serine/threonine kinase involved in glycogen metabolism, cell cycle progression, differentiation, embryogenesis, migration, metabolism, survival and cellular senescence. Its main biological function is to inhibit β-catenin by sequestration and promotion of its proteasomal degradation in the Wnt canonical pathway; however, GSK-3β interacts with multiple signalling pathways, and aberrant expression of the enzyme was reported in many solid neoplasms. This study aimed to investigate the biological relevance of GSK-3β in classical Hodgkin lymphomas (cHL). Methods and results: We analysed the functional status of GSK-3β enzyme in cHL by using antibodies raised against fixation-resistant epitopes of phospho Y216 GSK-3β (active form), phospho S9 GSK-3β (inactive form) and β-catenin protein. We first detected the pY216 GSK-3β active form of the enzyme in 100 of 100 (100%) of the cases, and in line with the latter expression profile, the β-catenin protein was found in only 12 of 100 (12%) of the samples. As reported previously in bladder cancer, pancreatic adenocarcinoma and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, we showed an aberrant nuclear localization in the neoplastic clone of active pY216 GSK-3β in 78 of 100 (78%) of cHL cases. Conclusions: We demonstrated the activation of GSK-3β in cHL resulting in inhibition of the Wnt/β-catenin signal cascade and the aberrant accumulation of its activated form in nuclei of Hodgkin Reed–Sternberg and Hodgkin cells. These findings may be relevant for future clinical studies, identifying GSK-3β as a potential therapeutic target for cHL.
Agostinelli, Claudio; Carloni, Silvia; Limarzi, Francesco; Righi, Simona; Laginestra, Maria Antonella; Musuraca, Gerardo; Fiorentino, Michelangelo; Napolitano, Roberta; Cuneo, Antonio; Vergara, Daniele; Zinzani, Pier Luigi; Sabattini, Elena; Pileri, Stefano A; De Matteis, Serena
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2373987
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