Using a multidisciplinary questionnaire containing items from previously validated instruments (i.e. CAGE), during the year 2007 a survey (Valentino Project) was carried out on 4024 young workers (18-35 y) from Abruzzo, Italy to investigate the prevalence of use/abuse of alcohol, food, smoking, and drugs in different types of job categories, and to evaluate the potential association between occupational class and type of use/abuse. With the exception of cannabis use/abuse (13.5%), the prevalence of incorrect behaviours was higher than the young-adult general population (workers and non-workers) from Central-South Italy: overweight/obesity = 30.8%; current smoking = 45.7%; alcohol addiction = 17.3%; use/abuse of psychotropic legal drugs = 4.7%; cocaine = 4.5%; opiates = 1.0%; > 1 illegal drug (multiple abuse) = 3.9%. This negative scenario is accentuated by a probable > or = 25% underestimation of illegal drug use/abuse, and because drug use/abuse is inversely associated with age. Using logistic regression analyses (controlling for age, gender marital status, education, job-strain, self-reported health, and all other types of use/abuse), a significant independent association was found for the first time between specific types of use/abuse and some job categories (i.e. cocaine for traders/consultants; legal psychoactive drugs and cannabis for unqualified professions such as itinerants or precarious workers; smoking for Call-Center operators; overweight/obesity for farmers/artisans). These findings should be used to maximize the efficacy of substance use/abuse preventive strategies, which could be more precisely targeted to different professions, and raise the need to control for job category in future multivariate analyses investigating substance use/abuse predictors.
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|Titolo:||Differenti tipologie di consumo/abuso (farmacologico, alimentare, da alcool, fumo, cannabis, oppiacei e cocaina) nelle diverse professioni. Risultati di un’indagine conoscitiva su 4024 giovani lavoratori abruzzesi: il Progetto Valentino.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|