Aim: To evaluate the therapeutic gain of the addition of bismuth to a rifabutin containing triple therapy with amoxicillin and pantoprazole at standard dosages for the treatment of third-line Helicobacter pylori infection after a preliminary susceptibility test. Methods: Two separate groups of patients in two pilot studies which were carried out simultaneously. One group was treated with rifabutin 150 mg b.i.d., pantoprazole 20 mg b.i.d., and amoxicillin 1 g b.i.d. for 10 days and the other group with rifabutin 150 mg b.i.d., pantoprazole 20 mg b.i.d., amoxicillin 1 g b.i.d., and bismuth subcitrate 240 mg b.i.d. for 10 days. All patients underwent to culture and susceptibility testing prior to their inclusion in the study. A successful outcome was confirmed with an Urea Breath test performed 8 weeks after the end of treatment. A blood cell count was performed for all patients at the start and after 5 days of treatment since rifabutin has been shown to inhibit the growth of leucocytes. Results: Twenty-nine patients were recruited in the pantoprazole, amoxicillin, rifabutin group and 30 in the pantoprazole, amoxicillin, rifabutin, and bismuth subcitrate group. All patients had a positive H. pylori culture and the susceptibility test used showed H. pylori sensitivity to rifabutin and amoxicillin. H. pylori eradication during follow-up was 18/27 (66.7%, 95% CI: 47.7–85.7%) in the pantoprazole, amoxicillin, rifabutin group and 28/29 (96.6%, 95% CI: 89.5–100.0%) in the pantoprazole, amoxicillin, rifabutin, and bismuth subcitrate group. Both treatments were well-tolerated with no reported side effects. Blood cell count remained normal in all patients. Conclusion: The addition of bismuth subcitrate to a triple therapy that includes proton pump inhibitors, amoxicillin, and rifabutin in patients who are treated for the third time for H. pylori infection resulted in a 30% therapeutic gain.
Scheda prodotto non validato
Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo
|Titolo:||Rifabutin Containing Triple Therapy and Rifabutin with Bismuth Containing Quadruple Therapy for Third-Line Treatment of Helicobacter pylori Infection: Two Pilot Studies|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|