Three dimensional, flower-like hierarchical porous carbon (FPC) and its CO2-activation (AFPC) are reported as sulfur-hosting matrixes in Li/S battery. The composites are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms as well as by galvanostatic cycling and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in lithium-cell. Both samples show well defined micrometric morphology and a sulfur content as high as 66% expected to reflect into rather high practical energy density of the electrode in lithium-sulfur battery. The lithium sulfur cell using the FPC-S composite exhibits at 25 °C a moderate cycling stability with delivered capacity ranging from 1000 to about 610 mAh g−1 upon 50 cycles at 100 mA g−1. The AFPC-S composite reveals increased cycling stability and delivers a capacity ranging from 1000 to 680 mAh g−1. Improved capacity is achieved by slightly increasing the temperature, as demonstrated by cycling the FPC-S at 35 °C using a current as high as 500 mA g−1. The excellent rate capability of the electrode is associated to the carbon texture and morphology that significantly lower the cell resistance, as indeed demonstrated by EIS measurement upon cycling.
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|Titolo:||Lithium battery using sulfur infiltrated in three-dimensional flower-like hierarchical porous carbon electrode|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|