BACKGROUND: Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) has been proposed as a possible cause of multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVES: The CoSMo study evaluated the association between CCSVI and MS. METHODS: The primary end-point of this multicentric, case-control study was to compare the prevalence of CCSVI between patients with MS, patients with other neurodegenerative diseases (ONDs) and healthy controls (HCs). Color-coded duplex sonography was performed by a sonologist and the images were sent to one of three central sonologists for a second reading. Agreement between local and central sonologists or, in case of disagreement, the predominant judgment among the three central readers, was required for a diagnosis of CCSVI. All readings, data collection and analysis were blinded. RESULTS: The study involved 35 MS centers across Italy and included 1874 subjects aged 18-55. 1767 (94%) were evaluable: 1165 MS patients, 226 patients with ONDs and 376 HCs. CCSVI prevalence was 3.26%, 3.10% and 2.13% for the MS, OND and HC groups, respectively. No significant difference in CCSVI prevalence was found amongst the three cohorts (MS versus HC, OR = 1.55, 95%CI = 0.72-3.36, p = 0.30; OND versus HC, OR = 1.47, 95%CI = 0.53-4.11, p = 0.46; MS versus OND, OR = 1.05, 95%CI = 0.47-2.39, p = 0.99). High negative and low positive agreement was found between the local and centralized readers. CONCLUSIONS: CCSVI is not associated with MS.

Observational case-control study of the prevalence of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency in multiple sclerosis: results from the CoSMo study.

GRANIERI, Enrico Gavino Giuseppe;
2013

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) has been proposed as a possible cause of multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVES: The CoSMo study evaluated the association between CCSVI and MS. METHODS: The primary end-point of this multicentric, case-control study was to compare the prevalence of CCSVI between patients with MS, patients with other neurodegenerative diseases (ONDs) and healthy controls (HCs). Color-coded duplex sonography was performed by a sonologist and the images were sent to one of three central sonologists for a second reading. Agreement between local and central sonologists or, in case of disagreement, the predominant judgment among the three central readers, was required for a diagnosis of CCSVI. All readings, data collection and analysis were blinded. RESULTS: The study involved 35 MS centers across Italy and included 1874 subjects aged 18-55. 1767 (94%) were evaluable: 1165 MS patients, 226 patients with ONDs and 376 HCs. CCSVI prevalence was 3.26%, 3.10% and 2.13% for the MS, OND and HC groups, respectively. No significant difference in CCSVI prevalence was found amongst the three cohorts (MS versus HC, OR = 1.55, 95%CI = 0.72-3.36, p = 0.30; OND versus HC, OR = 1.47, 95%CI = 0.53-4.11, p = 0.46; MS versus OND, OR = 1.05, 95%CI = 0.47-2.39, p = 0.99). High negative and low positive agreement was found between the local and centralized readers. CONCLUSIONS: CCSVI is not associated with MS.
Comi, G; Battaglia, Ma; Bertolotto, A; Del Sette, M; Ghezzi, A; Malferrari, G; Salvetti, M; Sormani, Mp; Tesio, L; Stolz, E; Granieri, Enrico Gavino Giuseppe; Zaratin, P; Mancardi, G; CoSMo Collaborative Study, Group
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/1898015
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