Human herpesvirus 7 (HHV-7) infection in histologically normal human tissues was investigated by immunohistochemical detection of the 85-kDa tegument phosphoprotein (pp85) encoded by the U14 gene. So far, two cell types were recognized as sites of HHV-7 infection in vivo: CD4+ T lymphocytes, believed to be the site of latent infection, and epithelial cells of salivary glands, the site of productive infection and viral shedding. Unexpectedly, cells expressing the HHV-7 structural antigen were detectable in lungs, skin, and mammary glands. Morphologically and phenotypically, they were distinct from lymphocytes. Liver, kidney, and tonsils were positive, although the number of HHV-7-positive cells was low. Large intestine, spleen, and brain were negative. Different from the current notion of the state of HHV-7 in humans, the results show that a variety of tissues harbor cells at a late stage of infection and suggest that HHV-7 causes a persistent rather than a true latent infection.

Persistence of human herpesvirus 7 in normal tissues detected by expression of a structural antigen

DI LUCA, Dario;
1998

Abstract

Human herpesvirus 7 (HHV-7) infection in histologically normal human tissues was investigated by immunohistochemical detection of the 85-kDa tegument phosphoprotein (pp85) encoded by the U14 gene. So far, two cell types were recognized as sites of HHV-7 infection in vivo: CD4+ T lymphocytes, believed to be the site of latent infection, and epithelial cells of salivary glands, the site of productive infection and viral shedding. Unexpectedly, cells expressing the HHV-7 structural antigen were detectable in lungs, skin, and mammary glands. Morphologically and phenotypically, they were distinct from lymphocytes. Liver, kidney, and tonsils were positive, although the number of HHV-7-positive cells was low. Large intestine, spleen, and brain were negative. Different from the current notion of the state of HHV-7 in humans, the results show that a variety of tissues harbor cells at a late stage of infection and suggest that HHV-7 causes a persistent rather than a true latent infection.
Kempf, W; Adams, V; Mirandola, P; Menotti, L; DI LUCA, Dario; Wey, N; Muller, B; CAMPADELLI FIUME, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/1201045
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